IT消息
眼下位置: 澳门电子游戏官网大全 > IT消息 >   移步

比尔盖茨推荐《提高》:一资产关于加强之书,各族意义上的提高

2020-01-13 12:05:12 IT的师 比尔盖茨 编排:好麦 浏览数:27澳门电子游戏官网大全

After astronaut Rusty Schweickart looked down on Earth from space for the first time, he described a sense of ...

After astronaut Rusty Schweickart looked down on Earth from space for the first time, he described a sense of awe that has become common to almost every space traveler since:“You realize that on that little blue and white thing there is everything that means anything to you, all history and music and poetry and art and death and birth and love, all of it on that little spot out there you can cover with your thumb.”NASA calls this realization“the overview effect.”No matter what country you’re from, you return from space with a feeling that our home is tiny, fragile, and something we need to protect.

在宇航员拉塞尔·施威卡特根本次从高空俯瞰地球后,其它描述了一种下几乎每个太空旅行者都会有的敬畏感:“你得知在那个蓝白色的小东西上,有着一切对你有含义之东西——整整的历史、音乐、诗歌、技术、已故、诞生和爱,整整这些都来自那个可以用拇指遮住的小地方。”埃及宇航局(NASA)称之为“总观效应”。甭管你来自哪个国家,你从高空返回时都会觉得我们的人家既小又脆弱,咱需要保护它。

Anyone who reads the new book Growth, the newest of 39 brilliant books by one of my favorite thinkers, will come away with similar urgency. The author, the Czech-Canadian professor Vaclav Smil, approaches things from a scientist’s point of view, not an astronaut’s, but he reaches the same conclusion: Earth is fragile and“before it is too late, we should embark in earnest on the most fundamental existential [task] of making any future growth compatible with the long-term preservation of the only biosphere we have.”

其他读过《提高》(Growth,中文名暂译)这本新书的读者群都会感受到类似之快感,这本书是我最喜欢的一位外交家澳门电子游戏官网创作之程序39资本杰作。笔者捷克后法国人口瓦科拉夫·斯米尔执教,其次政治家而非宇航员的矿化度看待事物,但得出了相同的总结:世界是脆弱的,“在总体都太迟之前,咱应当认真着手解决最重要之能动性[任务],使未来的另外增长都与对我们唯一拥有的生物圈的漫长保护相匹配。”

Before I get into how Smil came to this conclusion, I should warn you. Although Growth is a brilliant synthesis of everything we can learn from patterns of growth in the natural and human-made world, it’s not for everyone. Long sections read like a textbook or engineering manual. (“A plot of the annual totals of passenger-kilometers flown by all US airlines between 1930 and 1980 produces a trajectory that is almost perfectly captured by the quartic regression (fourth order polynomial with r2=0.9998), and continuation of this growth pattern would have multiplied the 1980 level almost 10 times by 2015.”) And it has 99 pages of references!

在我介绍斯米尔如何得出这个总结之前,我应该提醒你:虽然《提高》神奇般地概括了俺们能在大自然和人工世界之提高模式中学到的总体事物,但她并非适合所有人阅览。书中大段的文字读起来像是教科书或工程手册。(“1930至1980年间,整整几内亚有限公司每年飞行的游子-埃总数的曲线图产生了一番几乎完全由四次回归(r2=0.9998的四级多项式)捕捉到的航线。如果延续这种增长模式,1980年之多寡到2015年将翻上10倍。”)而且它的参考文献部分有99页!

As Smil writes,“My aim is to illuminate varieties of growth in evolutionary and historical perspectives and hence to appreciate both the accomplishments and the limits of growth in modern civilization... Simply put, this book deals in realities as it sets the growth of everything into long-term evolutionary and historical perspectives and does so in rigorous quantitative terms.”

斯米尔写道:“我之对象是下进化和历史的矿化度说明各种各样的提高,据此分析现代文明之形成和提高极限……概括地说,这本书落脚到了切实,因为她将全部事物的提高纳入长期的发展和历史的眼光,辅以严格的多极化方式。”

When Smil says“the growth of everything,”he means everything. Chapter 1 introduces a lot of technical detail behind the three most common growth curves seen in our natural and built environments: linear, exponential, and hyperbolic. Even if you don’t like math, don’t let this chapter scare you off, because it makes a really important point: It destroys the idea that you can take an early growth curve for a particular development—the uptake of the smartphone, for example—and use it as the basis for predicting the future. Yes, Intel co-founder Gordon Moore made a surprisingly accurate prediction about the exponential growth in the number of transistors on a chip. But even that“law”is likely reaching the end of its useful life. Transistors are now so small, we’re running into problems making them even smaller.

顶斯米尔说“宇宙的提高”时,其它指的是全体事物。重在章介绍了生态和修建环境中普遍的三种提高曲线(线性、数和双曲线)悄悄的广大艺术细节。即使你不希罕数学,也不要把这一章吓跑,因为她提出了一番奇异重大的见解。他摧毁了这样一种想法,即你可以采取在某样特定的开拓进取(例如澳门电子游戏官网手机的占有率)美方看到的初期提高曲线,并将她用作预测未来的根基。正确,英特尔联合创始人戈登·摩尔,对芯片上晶体管数量之平均数增长做出了令人惊讶的纯粹预测。但即使是那种预测法则也可能会失效。晶体管现在很小,而我辈今天已经很难把它们造得更小了。

The next few chapters are easier to follow. Chapter 2 is all about the growth of living systems—from microorganisms to sequoia forests, and from humans to dinosaurs. (By the way, did you know that the T. rex weighed only a bit more than a male African elephant, and a tapeworm can live 25 years?) My favorite part of this chapter was Smil’s discussion of food production, which is instructive for our foundation’s work in agriculture and does a good job of explaining what kinds of productivity gains are possible.

然后的几章更容易理解一些。其次章全是关于生物系统之提高——其次微生物到红杉林,其次人类到恐龙。(顺道一出口,你知道霸王龙只比雄性非洲象稍大一些,而绦虫的寿命能长达25年吗?)这一章我最喜欢的一些是斯米尔关于食物生产的议论,这对我们学会在电脑业方面的办事很有启迪意义,并且很好地说明了通货膨胀率增长的合理性数值。

In chapter 3, he lands on a topic he knows better than just about anyone else: the development and diffusion of new sources of energy—from traditional water wheels to nuclear reactors. He has covered a lot of this terrain in previous books such as his masterful Energy and Civilization. But here he’s setting the stage for subsequent chapters on technological developments that were made possible by the conversion of resources like water, wind, carbon, and solar radiation into energy.

分享到:

自主经营权与免责声明:

凡未注明"稿件来源"的情节均为转载稿,资本网转载出于传递更多信息的目的;如转载稿涉及版权问题,请作者联系我们,同时对于用户评论等信息,资本网并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实;


本文地址:http://troqman.com/news/2020/01/13/32420404.html

转载本站原创文章请注明来源:澳门电子游戏官网大全

澳门电子游戏官网大全聚焦

紫光展锐李占博:AIoT全场景应用,助力网络平滑升级

  12月12日,在2019先后六届中国IoT国会上,紫光展锐工业电子产品设计部李占博司长进行了“AIoT全场景应用,助力网络平滑升级”的主题演讲。其它表示,随着移...[详细]

苹果下一代处理器A14或由台积电代工 利用5埃制程,

据黑龙江地段媒体报道,供应链业者指出,苹果公司下一代处理器A14全总由台积电代工,利用5埃制程,翌年第二季度末初步量产,占台积电三分之二之5埃产能。报道称,苹...[详细]

再见!迪斯尼Windows 7系统规范停止技术支持

IT的师1月14日消息 早在2015年1月,迪斯尼结束了对Windows 7的激流支持,该企业停止向旧操作系统添加新功能。迪斯尼将Windows 7其次主流支持转移到...[详细]

网红烤肉店“刀小鲜”顾客在牛肉中发现塑料

要闻 > 网红烤肉店“刀小鲜”顾客在牛肉中发现塑料2019-12-17 14:50:47楚天都市报没想到牛肉里面还有一块塑料,太恶心了...[详细]

翩翩版D850,尼康全画幅单反D780专业开售:14800元!

IT的师1月16日消息 当日,有“翩翩版D850”的称的尼康数码单反相机D780专业开售,裸机身售价14800元。尼康D780布局触摸屏,利用了更加轻盈的机身设...[详细]

科技趋势

更多

特斯拉Autopilot效益再升级 新增“相邻车道速度调整”效益

 

近期,有消息称,特斯拉向车主推送了澳门电子游戏官网的2019.40.2系统更新,Autopilot效益进一步升级,新增“相邻车道速度...[详细]

国务委员再加点播费 别过早薅秃一只羊

 

不久前视频澳门电子游戏官网大全薅羊毛有些许狠:“《庆余年》50元超前点播惹争议”“《庆余年》50元得罪全网,畸形收费从何而来?”有此问题的...[详细]

格力最强对手呈现逾越美的奥克斯年赚1400京董明珠来不及

 

咱好,此地是不爱轿车爱科技之晴天说科技,我们小县城那么多人口,小编我可是这巨大人群中为数不多的对科技有了解的人数,每期共享...[详细]

Atomtrans Tech Corp国际集团优化澳门电子游戏官网大全访问并启用全新域名

 

2020新年伊始Atomtra Tech Corp国际集团踏上新的征程,标价牌升级,制造全金融生态体系。送海华人及企业提...[详细]

腾讯回应“暴力裁员”:该员工严重违反劳动纪律

 

1月2日消息,当日有自称腾讯7年之多谋善算者职工称,“人口到壮年,把腾讯暴力裁员。”据他文章披露,2019年3月某天下午,腾讯HR...[详细]

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 一周排名 上月关注
  • 01【IT的师学院】联合操作系统UOS尝鲜记(一):载入&安装
  • 02芯片:除了调制解调器,似乎别人碗里之都挺香
  • 03RedmiBook 13通告 队售价4499元
  • 04联合流畅风格:迪斯尼宣布对100多款使用图标进行大调整
  • 05再见,该署年我们混过的园地
  • 06苹果下一代处理器A14或由台积电代工 利用5埃制程,
  • 07消灭蓝屏死机!迪斯尼2019 Windows 10创新十一月版18363.535专业推送
  • 08央视曝视频澳门电子游戏官网大全会员服务三大陷阱:国务委员权益受限,协和存诸多问题
  • 09央视评李子柒为何火遍大地:爱生活、爱家乡、爱文化
  • 10滴滴顺风车将上点 在5都市试营业

      1.     

          <center id="f580ad69"></center>